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RTI >> Judgments >> High Court >> Appeal
Supreme Court(Appeal)/ CIC(Appeal)
1 Letters Patent Appeal No. 1319 of 2013 in Civil Writ Jurisdiction Case No. 17727 of 2008 04 Apr, 2018 Appellants: The State of Bihar and Ors. Vs. Respondent: The State Information Commissioner and Ors.

2 Writ Petition No. 1367 of 2012 (M/S) 03 Apr, 2018 Appellants: Arvind Kumar Lohani and Ors. Vs. Respondent: Uttarakhand State Information Commission and Ors.

RTI applicant sought certain information from the petitioners who are said to be Information Officers as appointed under the Act. The information regarding almost all the points, for which, the information was sought was answered, but still, the applicant feeling dissatisfied with the information provided preferred an Appeal before the Appellate Authority. The Departmental Appellate Authority/Commissioner had called upon the applicant to appear before the Appellate Authority and to put up his version in support of his appeal but he deliberately avoided to participate in the proceedings and he did not appear before the Departmental Appellate Authority. On account of non participation in the Appeal, the Appeal was dismissed by the. On the allegation of non-supply of the information as well as the Appellate Order, Second Appeal was filed before the Uttarakhand State Information Commissioner. The Second Appellate Authority directed to issue show cause notice against the Public Information Officer as to why a penalty may not be imposed against him. Simultaneously, there was also a direction to issue show cause notice against the Information Officer calling upon his explanation as to why an order may not be passed under Section 19(8)(ka) for directing to conduct a departmental inquiry against him. It is this order which was challenged by the petitioner No. 1 in his personal capacity by availing the professional services of the office of the Chief Standing Counsel and its machinery.
4. The issue which was for consideration before the Hon’ble High Court was whether on imposition of penalty on the Public Information Officer, as appointed under the Right to Information Act of 2005, the penalty provided u/s. 20, which happens to be a liability in persona could be challenged, by him in person, by availing the professional services of the Chief Standing Counsel and its machinery and state money can be used for the said purpose, contrary to the provisions and purpose of their appointments under Legal Remembrance Manual.
The present case was filed by the then Public Information Officer, who has been imposed upon a penalty u/s. 20 of the Right to Information Act, 2005 by the impugned order under challenge. He has preferred the writ petition against the impugned order, where a penalty of Rs. 10,000/- has been imposed upon him in his individual capacity.
The Court felt that once a penalty is imposed u/s. 20 of the RTI Act on the Information Officer, as constituted u/s. 5 of the Act, it would be the officer in person responsible for the penalty, as such, if the officer concerned feels aggrieved against the imposition of penalty and wants to agitate the cause before a superior court, he could do so in his individual capacity and for the said purpose, he can only file a writ petition after engaging a private counsel and not through an Additional Chief Standing Counsel or Chief Standing Counsel, as defined under the L.R. Manual. As such, this Court feels that this writ petition as preferred by the petitioner in his individual capacity could not have been filed through the office of the Chief Standing Counsel.
For the above reason the writ petition was dismissed on this ground itself, leaving it open for the petitioner to engage a private advocate and to file writ petition.
3 CWP No. 8046 of 2013 03 Nov, 2016 State Bank of India vs Central Information Commission and another

The information which has been sought is regarding a list of cases where actual possession of the properties under the Securitisation and Reconstruction of Financial Assets and Enforcement of Security Interest Act, 2002 was sought for, and whether they have been sold or not because of higher reserve price fixation etc. The information had been denied by the bank on account of fact that it relates to commercial confidence of the bank, and hence exempted under section 8(1)(d) of the Act. Notice of the appeal was issued on 1212.2013 for 28.02.2013 and the same was disposed of, on the same day. Notice of hearing was only received on 28.02.2013 at 1:00 p.m., therefore, hearing could not be attended by the official of the bank and an opportunity of hearing was again sought.

The Hon'ble High Court of Punjab and Haryana held that the petitioner is a bank, and had only been put to notice on 12.02.2013 for 28.02.2013. Summons were received on the same date and it would not have been practically possible for it to prepare its defence, and appear on the same day, as has been notified in the summons/notice of hearing. In such circumstances, it would be appropriate, if the respondent- Commission decides the appeal after allowing the petitioner bank-to participate in the hearing. The impugned order is set aside. The appeal is remanded to be decided afresh by the respondent-Commission.
4 LPA 34/2015 &C.M. No. 1287/2015 17 Apr, 2015 SUBHASH CHANDRA Versus THE REGISTRAR, SUPREME COURT OF INDIA & ORS

The applicant sought details of medical facilities availed by the individual judges and their family members of the Supreme Court in last three years including the information relating to expenses on private treatment in India or abroad.

On CIC’s directions, the CPIO provided the total amount of medical expenses for three years informing that information in respect of individual judges is not maintained. CIC’s further directions to the Public Authority to ensure that arrangements are made in future for maintaining the information, judge-wise, as expected in Section 4(1)(a) of the RTI Act, was challenged in the High Court.

No larger public interest is involved in seeking the details of the medical facilities availed by the individual judges. The court held that in the absence of any larger public interest, no direction whatsoever can be issued under Section 19(8) (a)(iv) of the Act by the CIC. Reimbursement of medical expenses being personal information, the Court was of the view that providing such information would undoubtedly amount to invasion of the privacy. The Court, therefore held that the order passed by the CIC dated 01.02.2012 is unsustainable and the same has rightly been set aside by the learned Single Judge.
5 W.P. (C) 2939/2014 05 Dec, 2014 R.K. Jain vs Chairman, Income Tax Settlement Commission & Ors.

Section 19(3) Appeal to Commission. Constitution of India Writ Petition Article 226. The petitioner Challenged the order dated 14.02.2014 passed by CPIO denying the information, which was earlier directed to be supplied to the petitioner and further contended that the orders passed by the CPIO (i.e. respondent No. 2) and the FAA (i.e. respondent No. 4) could not be denied or declared as void by an administrative order. The respondents submitted that the Chairman, Income Tax Settlement Commission, being the overall administrative Head of the Department, would have the inherent power to pass an administrative order in respect of any order passed by the other subordinate officers. He further contended that respondent Nos. 2 and 4 were not the designated authorities under the RTI Act with respect to the information sought by the petitioner since the information pertained to another wing of the department.

The Hon'ble High Court of Delhi held that it is not disputed that the orders dated 26.09.2013 and 21.10.2013 were orders passed under the RTI Act and in that sense were in exercise of statutory powers. Such orders passed in exercise of statutory powers could not be declared as a nullity or void by an administrative order without recourse to the hierarchy of authorities as specified in the RTI Act. In the event, the respondent No. 1 was of the view that the orders passed by respondent Nos. 2 & 4 were without authority of law, the proper and the only course would be to file an appeal before the CIC or any other competent judicial forum.

In the petition, the question was whether the CIC can issue a direction for disclosure of information in a form not maintained by a public authority. And, whether the CIC could give a direction for compiling of such information and its disclosure in future.

The Court held that there is no infirmity in the order of CIC in so far as it directs that the records may be maintained in a manner so that the information regarding the period for which the judgments are pending after being reserved, is available with the petitioner in future.
7 C.W.P No. 26862 of 2013 28 Jan, 2014 Centre for Research in Rural and Industrial Development vs Central Information Commission and Ors.

Section (19) Appeal to Central Information Commission. The respondent No.1 (CIC) issued a notice to respondents No.3 and 4 with a direction to appear on 28.10.2013. In another case also, same date i.e. 28.10.2013 was given for hearing where appearance of respondents No.3 and 4 was required. The hearing in one case was at New Delhi and in another case it was at Chandigarh. A request was made by the petitioner either to change the venue or to hear both the cases at one place. A fax message was also sent by respondents No. 4 and 5 but an ex-parte order was passed without affording any opportunity of hearing to the petitioner.

The Hon’ble Punjab and Haryana High Court held that undisputedly, the impugned order has been passed at the back of the petitioner without considering its request, which is violative of principles of natural justice. The petition is allowed, the impugned order is set aside and respondent No.1 is directed to pass a fresh order after giving an opportunity of hearing to the petitioner.
8 Writ Petition No. 715 of 2013 19 Dec, 2013 Shahada Taluka Co-operative Education Society V.S. Kalyan Sajan Patil & Anr.

Section 19(3)
Second Appeal to the Central Information Commission or the State Information Commission – Whether the State Information Commission a multi member body and the Commission must consist of State Information Commissioner and at least one more State Information Commissioner? - In second appeal, the State Information Commission, Bench at Nashik passed the impugned order which consists of only one member
The Hon’ble High Court of Bombay held that the State Information Commissioner and at least one more State Information Commissioner, and therefore, any appeal or application is required to be considered by the multi member body. The impugned order passed by the State Information Commissioner, Bench at Nashik deserves to be quashed the State Information Commissioner, Bench at Nashik, The State Information Commission, Bench at Nashik to hear the said appeal, after consulting the Bench in the light of the judgement of the Division Bench in Goa Cricket Association and decided the same as expeditiously as possible.
9 W.P.(C) No. 3660/2012 & CM 7664/2012(stay) 13 Sep, 2013 Union of India V.S. Vishwas Bhumburkar

Section 19(8)(a) Powers of the commission to make an inquiry or to take any such step necessary to secure compliance with the provisions of the Act- the respondent filed an application with the PIO, Ministry of Tourism, PSW Division seeking an authenticated photocopy along with the file notings of the Project Report for Development of Ayurveda Health Resort and Herbal Garden at Vagamon. Which was submitted by the Department if Tourism, Government of Kerala in December, 2005- the PIO before the Central Information Commission stated that the said project report had not been received in the Ministry of Tourism- during the course of hearing before the Commission, the appellant produced a photocopy of a report purporting to be signed by Department of Tourism, Government of Kerala in December, 2005- the PIO confirmed the signatures of the then Joint Secretary, however, stated that there was no trace of the said Report in the Ministry nor any other relevant papers were available to indicate the presence of such a report- the and send his report to the appellant and the Commission – the petitioner assailed the order of the Commission primarily on the ground that the RTI Act does not authorize the Commission to direct an inquiry of this nature by the department concern. Though the Commission itself can make such an inquiry as it deems appropriate –

the Hon’ble High Court of Delhi held that the Commission would also have the jurisdiction to direct an inquiry into the matter wherever it is claimed by the PIO/CPIO that the information sought by the applicant is not traceable/ readily traceable/ currently traceable. Even in a case where the PIO/CPIO takes a plea that the information sought by the applicant was never available with the Government but, the Commission on the basis of the material available to it forms a prima facie opinion that the said information was in fact available with the Government, it would be justified in directing an inquiry by responsible officer of the department /office concerned. Whether in a particular case, an inquiry ought to be made by the Commission or by the officer of the department / officer concerned is a matter to be decided by the Commission in the fact and circumstances of each such case. It is, therefore, directed that a through and meaningful inquiry in terms of the provisions of the directions of the Commission be carried out by an officer not below the rank of a Joint Secretary it the Government within eight weeks from today and a copy each of the said report shall be provided to the Commission as well as to the respondent.
10 W.P. (C) 3500/2013 05 Jul, 2013 Shail Sahni Vs. Valsa Sara Mathew & Ors.

Article 226 – Writ Petition- Section 19(1) – the Hon’ble High Court of Delhi held that unless the petitioner avails the statutory remedy of appeal provided under section 19 of the Act, it would be difficult to entertain a writ petition, bypassing the statutory mechanism provided under the Act. Since, the petitioner has alternative remedy of appeal under section 19(10 of the Act available to him, and the said remedy cannot be said to be less efficacious than the remedy by way of a writ petition, it would not be appropriate to invoke extraordinary jurisdiction of this Court under Article 226 of the Constitution, in this matter.
11 C.W.P. No. 4787 of 2011 02 Nov, 2012 Fruit & Merchant Union vs Chief Information Commissioner and others

The manner in which the case was dealt with by the first appellate authority as well as the Commission shows as if game of 'hide and seek' was being played. At the first instance before the first appellate authority, in the appeal filed by the petitioner, apparently the complainant was not impleaded as party. When the matter was taken up before the Commission by the complainant, he did not think it appropriate to implead the petitioner who was objecting to the information being granted as third party. Further the Commission also did not consider it relevant to issue notice to the petitioner despite the fact that the first appellate authority had passed an order in his favour, which had been produced before the Commission. Such a procedure adopted is unknown in judicial process and even against the provision of Section 19(4) of the Act, which provides that in case a third party information is sought, he shall be granted opportunity of hearing. Grant of opportunity of hearing to a party, who may be affected by an order, is sine qua non. It has been consistently held so by the courts.
Total Case uploaded: 11