In order to facilitate effective transfer of acquired knowledge and skills, the Institute employs a wide range of training techniques, varying from the traditional lecture method to participative and experiential learning methods like syndicate, group discussions, role-play, in-basket exercises and case study. By adopting learner centred training methodology, the Institute endeavours to create a learning environment in which the active participation and involvement of the learners is maximized. Keeping in view the entry behaviour of the participants, the objectives of the courses and the contents, the following techniques are liberally used, in addition to the lecture method:
In order to provide the desired expertise to the participants for the kind of work they have to perform in their work places, practical exercises are given, after the theoretical exposure to various rules/ regulations followed in Government.
This method is being employed by the Institute primarily with a view to expose the participants to the dynamics of working in group. The entire batch is divided into viable syndicates as soon as the course is launched, and they choose a subject of specific or contemporary interest, which is discussed and presented.
This method is used in training programmes where the focus is on problem solving methodology and decision-making process.
Workshops and Project Work:
These are being increasingly used in specialized courses like Training Techniques, Design of Training, Management of Training, Advanced Management Services, Basic Management Services and Refresher Programmes for Section Officers and Under Secretaries.
This technique is being effectively utilized in the behavioural skill programmes as well as in Administrative Vigilance. In the area of Behavioural skills, the participants are required to play roles, normally that of an official and a member of the public in a given situation. Later on, the Behavioural aspects of the role-play are brought out, not only through an analysis from the role players themselves but also from the participants who are observers. This exercise has been of considerable use in bringing out finer elements of human behaviour and attitudes in interpersonal interaction. In the case of the programmes on Administrative Vigilance, this technique is applied in the form of a mock enquiry. The participants play different roles such as the Charged Officer, Inquiry Officer, Presenting Officer and Defence Assistants etc. This method gives a practical orientation to the participants who are able to get a fair idea of the procedure followed in the actual conduct of an inquiry. The methodology for planning, preparation and using Role-Play, as a training method is also covered in the training techniques-course.
With the multiple objectives of inculcating/reviving habit of reading, assimilating what has been read and presenting it before a forum, the participants in foundational programmes are asked to review books of academic and contemporary interest. This has also helped in enhancing the public speaking and debating abilities of the participants, and ensuring their greater involvement in the programme.
A variety of management games are used in a number of courses for learning by substitute tasks and reflection. Out Door Management Exercises and a number of other management games such as PRINCIPLE GAME, BROKEN SQUARES; RUMOUR CLINIC. Achieving Targets, etc are used very effectively in the Training Techniques,. The participants get subjected to a degree of physical and mental stress, thereby enabling them to draw lessons for application in their real work situations.
With the learning process shifting more & more towards trainee participation, it is imperative that the responsibility of learning should shift to the trainees. Thus, the Discovery Learning method is now being used to provide opportunity for the trainees to learn by themselves. This method is predominantly used for developing Presentation Skills.
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